Updated 4/07/2013 - The Newport Tower has been the subject of discussion and controversy since the Colonists first arrived in the new world and discovered the structure on Rhode Island, USA. Early explorers noted that the tower existed during their early explorations of North America. However, that did not deter skeptics from claiming that the tower was constructed in Colonial times. Documented research shows that the tower was most likely constructed in the 15th Century, destroyed in the 16th Century and then rebuilt in the 17th Century on the 200th anniversary of its original construction. The Newport Tower is an important North American Landmark; however, it is the Newport Island itself that has been an important focal point of civilizations around the world for thousands of years.
The information gathered for presentation on this website was gathered using the new science of Geoglyphology. (Google keyword: Geoglyphology). The calculations performed on both this website and the Kensington Runestone website require the use of a special software called "Google Earth". Google's software is able to calculate true spherical bearings on a curved surface and then display them correctly on a flat plane. This software can be acquired free by searching the internet using the keywords "Google Earth".
In spherical geometry all lines are curved along the surface and no lines are parallel. It is difficult to grasp the concept that two parallel headings can cross. That is because we are used to thinking in terms of Plane Geometry on a flat plane. However, this changes when you draw lines on a sphere. In dealing with a sphere you enter the realm of Spherical Geometry.
Spherical Geometry is the study of figures on the surface of a sphere, as opposed to the type of geometry studied in plane geometry or solid geometry. In spherical geometry, straight lines are great circles, so any two lines will meet in two places. There are also no parallel lines. The angle between two lines in spherical geometry is the angle between the planes of the corresponding great circles, and a spherical triangle is defined by its three angles. There is no concept of similar triangles in plane geometry.
In the field of Geoglyphology, we are plotting lines in a spherical world and then displaying the results on a flat plane. It is difficult to grasp the concept of combining Spherical Geometry with Plane Geometry. That is why the field of Geoglyphology could not have been proposed without the advent of software that computes using Spherical Geometry and then displays it on a flat plane. This type of precise mapping precludes the plotting of these bearings on a flat map. Maps become distorted when converted from a sphere to a flat map. Any lines that are depicted on a flat non-satellite map, on this website, were first plotted using the Google software and then drawn on the flat map after the end points were determined. Even then, the proper curvature is missing.
The Newport Tower
The Newport Tower has been carbon dated as being over 500 years old. The simple geometry associated with the Tower is outlined below. The results of the carbon dating and details of the Newport Tower, the Kensington Runestone, and many more landmarks, geoglyphs and monoliths can be found in the newly released book "Ancient Signposts". The book can be found on Amazon.com. As you will see below, the Newport Tower and Inspiration Peak Locations have been known and revered for thousands of years. Based on the dating of the of the geoglyphs pointing to Inspiration Peak, a North American survey marker, it appears that revealing the location did not begin in earnest until the Norse came to the Americas circa 1000AD. The only geoglyph that has been found to date, that points to Inspiration Peak prior to 500BC is the Stonehenge Monolith in the UK. The Stonehenge geoglyph has been dated to c3100BC.
Newport Tower was built by early inhabitants of North America for two reasons. The first was to point the way to Inspiration Peak, a place of special geographical importance. The second was to substantiate the builders land claim to North America by using the unique geographical location of Newport (RI USA). The predecessors of the people that built the tower knew of Newport, RI USA for over 7000 years. This is substantiated by the Egyptian Gulfo de Centra geoglyph in West Africa that points out the Newport Tower site. There was a reason that North America held some special significance. Geoglyphs found around the world show that people were mapping out what would later be known as the United States at least as far back as the building of the Mayan Pyramids. Mayan Pyramids located in Central America outline the boundaries of what would eventually become the United States. This is outlined in the book "Ancient Signposts" which can be found on Amazon.com.
An Ancient Egyptian Geoglyph That Identified the Future Newport Tower Site 7000 years before the tower was built.
The 7000 Year Old Gulfo de Cintra Glyphs, Western Sahara, Africa (23* 01' 32.58"N - 16* 07' 04.69"W)
The Gulfo de Cintra Glyph, Radial End Points
The Gulfo de Cintra geoglyphs are some of the most spectacular that we have encountered in all our investigations around the world. First of all they are very clear. There is no doubt where the centers of the defining circles are. This is due to the fact that they consist of stone slabs sitting atop 30 foot high towers of sand. This the result of 7000 years of wind blowing the sand from around them and the slabs compacting the sand under them. Secondly, all the resulting radials point to well established markers that leave no doubt as to where they were intended to point. The Gulfo de Cintra Glyphs were discovered by Arthur Faram in 2009 by following the directions from the 7000 year old Egyptian geoglyph, called Nabta Playa. Nabta Playa has been identified and accurately dated by accredited archeologists.
It is obvious that ancient civilizations were able to understand things that we are just beginning to understand. If you will remember, in your history studies, the Hebrews were involved in the engineering and oversight of the building of the pyramids. Did the Egyptians, Hebrews, Greeks, Celts, and early Christians have some knowledge that others did not have; the knowledge to build the Pyramids, knowledge to build Stonehenge, knowledge of the geography of the entire world? The geoglyphs located around the world indicate that the answer is yes.
Newport (RI) in Antiquity
The 1513 Piri Reis Map
This is the left fragment of the Piri Reis map showing Central and South American shores. The Piri Reis map is a pre-modern world map compiled in 1513 from military intelligence by the Ottoman-Turkish admiral and cartographer Piri Reis. The half of the map that survives shows the western coasts of Europe and North Africa and the coast of Brazil with reasonable accuracy. Various Atlantic islands are depicted including the Azores, Canary, Cape Verde and the Antilles. The historical importance of the map lies in its demonstration of the extent of exploration of the New World by 1513. It used 10 Arabian sources, 4 Indian maps, all sourced from the Portuguese, and only one map from Columbus.
Europian Ship Used from 3000BC to 1600AD
This seagoing vessel was propelled mainly by oars and was used in ancient times from about 3000BC and into the 17th Century. The ship was originally propelled by sail, and oars on a single level. The ships were later equiped with oars on several levels. The ships protected themselves by ramming their enemies with the bronze ram on the bow of the ship. These vessals were used in ancient times by mariners throughout the Mediterranian. (Rob Oassian - http://www.thepirateking.com/ships/ship_types.htm)
Many persons present the argument that man had not developed the ships, or navigation abilities, to explore the Americas from Europe. This vessel is presented as a counter to that argument. Also, it was common for map makers to record any ships, and their types, on their maps in the area where they were encountered. This is especially prevalent in the Juan de la Cosa Map of 1500 examined in the book "Ancient Signposts". Like the de Cosa map, the Piri Reis map depicts details that would have taken hundreds of years of exploration prior to the map being made.
Section of the Piri Reis Map Depicting the East Coast of North America
This section of the map is presented to verify that Newport (RI) was a settlement long before the Voyage of Columbus in 1492. In the Piri Reis Map a brown symbol that looks very much like a castle (or towers) is depicted where Newport would be. If you will notice it is the only evidence of a settlement anwhere on the coast of North or South America. This would seem to validate the antiquity of that location. As you can see, similar brown symbols representing settlements are located on the map in Western Africa.
To orientate yourself to this map notice the following: (All locations are referred to by their current names.)
01. The white island at the top is Iceland.
02. The red island at the top is Greenland.
03. The indentation of the shoreline west of Greenland is the Saint Lawrence Seaway.
04. The white island below Greenland is the same shape as Newfoundland. (Though obviously misplaced.)
05. The petrusion to the left of Newfoundland is Nova Scotia.
06. The curved Coast below Nova Scotia is the coast of Maine, New Hampshire and Massachusetts.
07. The petrusion on the bottom of the Castle is Cape Cod.
08. The Castle symbol is Newport, RI.
09. The peninsula below the ship is Florida.
10. The water below Florida is the Gulf of Mexico.
11. The long line of islands to the East of Florida is the Netherland Antilles.
The Geometry of the Newport Tower Mystery
The Newport 013 Radial
Something that must be remembered about the builders of the tower is that they place little value on words. The builders, their predecessors and descendents, are men of
numbers and symbols. You should also know that the builders, and their predecessors, never present a puzzle without setting up another solution to the same puzzle by some
other method. This prevents the skepticism that has prevailed over the past centuries about the Newport Tower and other ancient artifacts which no verification from another
source has been found, until now. It is a known fact that the Newport Tower is aligned along a 93/273 degree axis. In addition there has always been a question as to why most
European structures, of non-secular origin, have six legs while this one has eight legs. It was decided that the eight legs might be a clue.
My assumption was that the eight legs on the tower were a symbol for 80 degrees. Navigators of this era oriented their maps and alignments to the East. As a result the solution
was started by subtracting 80 degrees from the East bearing of 93 degrees. This obviously left a bearing of 13 degrees. If this was correct there now existed one angle, and two
sides of undefined length, to a triangle. In order for the 13 degree radial to be significant a geographical location along the 13 degree bearing would have to be found to define the
length of that side of the triangle.
La Haute-Cote-Nord (48 23 53.32N 68 52 04.17W)
While tracing along the 13 degree bearing it was noticed that the line went directly over a small island in the Saint Lawrence Seaway named "La Haute-Cote-Nord". La Haute-Cote
-Nord in French, loosely translated, means "The Highest Point on the North Dimension". This appeared to be a vital clue. If so there now existed two sides, one length and one angle of the triangle. But in order to make a triangle one more angle or length was needed. During previous research I remembered several other triangles I had discovered.
The Capiapo Chile Triangle
This triangle is located in Capiapo, Chili and is just one of the many glyphs scattered around the globe as clues to substantiate the Newport Triangle solution. The importance of this triangle is that it provides the three bearings that make up the Newport Triangle. This was just one more check to substantiate that the solution to the Newport Triangle is valid. This, and other pertainent geoglyphs, pertaining to the Newport Tower were discoverd by following the directions provided by geoglyphs all over the world. This in itself proves the validity of Geoglyphology.
The Capiopo triangle consists of three interior angles of 20, 60 and 100 degrees. Since 100 degrees was the one angle that had already been decoded from the Newport Tower it
was decided to apply the other two angles to the partially completed triangle to see what developed. The sides of the triangle were extended to the West because to the East there was nothing but water. If a significant landmark existed at the point of the western vertex a solution to the mystery of the Newport Tower may have been found. As hoped, there was a significant landmark situated right under the Western vertex of the triangle. The name of that landmark is Inspiration Peak, this triangle was named the Newport Triangle. The resulting triangle is in the next frame.
The Newport Triangle
As hoped, there was a significant landmark situated right under the Western vertex of the triangle. The name of that landmark is Inspiration Peak. A diagram of the resulting Newport Triangle appears above.
Inspiration Peak, Minnesota USA (46 08 09.49N 95 34 14.61W)
Inspiration Peak, like the Newport Tower location, has been known and surveyed for thousands of years. The knowledge of the significance of Inspiration Peak in ancient times is verified by the monolith Stonehenge in England. The dating of Stonehenge has already been established as circa 3100 BC by celebrated scientists and archeologists around the world and should not present fuel for controversy. Inspiration Peak was not only identified by the complex mathematics built into the Newport Tower, but is also identified by many other glyphs around the world. This also holds true for the site where the Newport Tower resides. (See below)
Photo showing known origination points of geoglyphs that point to the Newport Tower Location
Origination points for the pointers displayed in the above photo. Included are the approximate dates the pointers were created.
Gulfo de Cintra Geoglyphs, Sahara West Africa - c7000BC
Inspiration Peak, Minnesota USA - c7000BC - 3100BC
Cahuachi, Nazca Peru - c5AD
Pyramids of China - c100BC - 400AD
Tiniteqilaq Geoglyph, Greenland - c1100AD
River Geoglyph El Paso, Texas USA - c1300
Mexico City Geoglyph - c1325AD
Kensington Runestone, Minnesota USA - c1473AD
"Michoacan", Mexico, Mural Glyph by Diego Rivera - c1925
Photo showing known origination points of geoglyphs that point to the Inspiration Peak Location
Origination points for the pointers displayed in the above photo. Included are the approximate dates the pointers were created.
Stonehenge Monolith, UK - c3100BC
Monte Alban Pyramid, Oaxaca Mexico - c500BC
Pigeon Point Geoglyph, Minnesota USA - c1200AD
Manchester, Ohio Geoglyph USA - c1300AD
Kensington Runestone, Minnesota USA - c1362AD
23rd Street NW Geoglyph, Washington DC USA - c1400AD
Point du Raz Geoglyphs, Bretagne, France - c1400AD
Malabo Island Geoglyphs, Equatorial New Guinea, West Africa - c1400AD
Cape of Good Hope Geoglyphs, South Tip of Africa - c1400AD
Atanacio Geoglyphs, Mexico - c1400AD
Newport Tower, Newport, RI USA - c1473AD
Inspiration Peak lies halfway between the Equator and the North Pole. In addition Inspiration Peak marks the center point of what is now the United States. The Peak lies 1362 miles from the NW, NE and Southern boundaries of the United States. More details can be found on Amazon.com in a book titled "Ancient Signposts". For the Egyptian culture to be able to locate and survey this location, and tie it to the Newport Tower location, over 7000 years ago boggles the mind. The Newport Tower and Kensington Runestone (Link provided below to the Kensington Runestone website.) are the most important of the markers which have been found in North America. They are important because these two markers are able to combine together to delineate the North American land claim as it existed when Stonehenge was built and as it existed after it was modified following the Spanish invasion of Mexico.
Inspiration Peak, Minnesota USA - The North American Territory Established Sometime Between 10,000 BC and 3150 BC.
Inspiration Peak, USA - Revised North American Territory (C1362), using the data retrieved from the Kensington Runestone (Link included below.)
Inspiration Peak Radials as defined by the Kensington Runestone. (Link provided below.)
In the previous Plates all the bearings associated with solving of the Newport Tower and the Kensington Runestone mysteries are depicted. The 013 degree bearing was the initial bearing that had to be discovered before the puzzles could be solved. The reciprocal of the 013 degree bearing is the 193 degree bearing which will become important in defining the claim to North America. In the solving of the puzzle the magnetic bearings of 073 and 273 degrees became known. (See above) They are not reciprocal headings because they originate from two different points on the earths surface and are affected by magnetic deviation. In the decoding of the Kensington Runestone, which verified the math in the Newport Tower solution, the bearings of 110 and 140 were also mentioned. Note that the 111 radial, which usually represents the Trinity, goes through the current capitol of the USA. This could not have been a coincidence.
It is from the data in the previous Plate, drawn out on a map similar to the one that follows, from which, in 1362 the early colonizers of North America staked their final claim to what turned out to be the United States.
Map of the North America Land Claim and the Great Triangle
This diagram points out the land claim devised by the early inhabitants of North America in 1362. The claim is bounded on the East by the 013/193 degree radial that runs through the Newport Tower to Cat island in the Bahamas, on the South by the 273 degree radial which runs West from where the 193 degree radial intersects Cat Island in the Bahamas, and the 073 degree radial which runs from the Northwest corner of the US to the Northeast corner of the US. The Western limits are defined by the 360/180 degree radial. If you will notice, the 193, 273 and 073 degree radials are all duplicated in the Newport Triangle solution. Just another cross check devised by the early inhabitants of North America. The Southwest corner of the claim, that is the tip of Baja California, is additionally defined by running a line between the termination points of the 140 degree radial and the 110 degree radial mentioned on the Kensington Runestone. The termination point for the 110 degree radial is Bermuda. The termination point for the 140 degree radial is the point where the 140 degree bearing crosses the East Coast (Amelia Island). By running a line between the Bahamas termination point and the Amelia Island termination point the line ends precisely at the tip of Baja California. This is just another cross check which the originators included to prove to the interpreter that they were on the right track.
Now, if a line is drawn between the Northwest corners of the claim to the Southwest corner of the claim a line running on a 150 degree heading is created. If a 90 degree vertex is added to the Southwest end of the line and a 60 degree vertex is added to the Northwest end of the line a perfect 30/60/90 Right Triangle is created. As if this were not enough the 30/60/90 triangle terminates on the 193 degree radial from the Newport Tower. This type of triangle is considered the perfect triangle, and an icon, by the ancients.
It is no coincidence that the SE corner of this land claim was where Columbus landed on his first voyage. It is clear that the 14th Century colonists were attempting to establish an irrefutable land claim to the land that eventually became the United States. The original boundary between, what is now the US and Canada was established by the building of the Stonehenge geoglyph c3100 BC.
The Newport Tower 193 Degree Radial
Further confirmation that the 013/193 Degree Radial was not chosen at random is the fact that when extended to the South it intersects exactly at where the Equator crosses the coast of Ecuador. This point has been confirmed as an important marker to the ancients and is identified by numerous glyphs around the world.
The combinations of mathematics, geometry, and survey skills necessary to accomplish such a perfect geometrical puzzle are phenomenal. By including two of the same bearings
used in the solution of the Newport Triangle the originators are not only showing their skill but as usual providing a crosscheck to verify to any investigator that they have the
correct solution to the land claim. As stated before the early colonizers of America always provide a way of verifying their work. By the time you finish reading the Kensington Runestone solution (linked below) you should be convinced that the Kensington Runestone and the Newport Tower both compliment and verify the credibility of each other. It is obvious that the evidence shows a time consuming survey of North America. A prudent person would have to question who did it, when did they do it, and why. The answers are astonishing, but not surprising.
Arthur Faram Speaking at
"The Hidden History Conference and Tour" Sarajevo, Bosnia September 1-8, 2013
The Secret Destiny of America by Manly P. Hall (1944)
Discovering the Mysteries of Ancient America: Lost History And Legends, Unearthed And Explored by Frank Joseph, David Hatcher Childress, Zecharia Sitchin, and Wayne May (Jan 30, 2006) The History and Future of Narragansett Bay by Capers Jones (Mar 1, 2006) History's Mysteries: People, Places and Oddities Lost in the Sands of Time by Brian Haughton (Apr 20, 2010) Ancient Footprints by Gary R. Varner (Feb 14, 2010) Atlantic Crossings Before Columbus by Frederick Pohl (Mar 15, 2007) Wikipedia - Keyword: Newport Tower Topographic survey map of the City of Newport, Rhode Island by Fenton G. Geys Associates - Sheet #51 - Office of City Engineer, Newport, Rhode Island. Stonehenge Monolith, Salisbury, U.K. - Wikipedia, Keyword: Stonehenge. Gulfo de Cintra Glyphs, Western Sahara, Africa - Google Earth Viewpoint 23*01'32.66" N 16*07'04.64" W Genteel Rhetoric: Writing High Culture in Nineteenth-Century Boston. Broaddus, Dorothy C.,Columbia, South Carolina: University of South Carolina, 1999
The Moral Argument Against Calvinism. Channing, William Ellery. Pages 39-59 in Unitarian Christianity and Other Essays . Edited by Irving H. Bartlett. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill; 1957 . Cited in Finlan, Stephen. Jesus in Atonement Theories. In The Blackwell Companion to Jesus. Edited by Delbert Burkett. London: Blackwell; 2010 The Hooked X: Key to the Secret History of North America by Scott F. Wolter (Aug 3, 2009) Memoir of William Ellery Channing: with extracts from his correspondence, Volume 2 p416
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